The Hiran Minar, located in the city of Sheikhupura in the Punjab province of Pakistan, is a unique historical monument that has captured the imagination of many. The tower lies in the heart of the city, and a beautiful garden surrounds it, making it a popular tourist destination. But what is the history behind this intriguing monument?

Hiran Minar

Pet deer, Mansraj

Emperor Jahangir, one of the greatest Mughal emperors of India, built Hiran Minar in the early 17th century. He constructed the tower as a memorial for his beloved pet deer, Mansraj, who was killed by a hunter. The emperor was so fond of the deer that he ordered the construction of this tower to commemorate its memory.

Hiran Minar Levels

Moreover, made of red sandstone, the tower stands 45 feet high. It has three levels and is decorated with intricate carvings and calligraphy. The tower’s first level is a square-shaped chamber with a series of arches surrounding it. The second level is octagonal, and the third is a circular platform that offers a panoramic view of the surrounding area.


The Hiran Minar is not only a unique monument, but it also holds great historical significance. The tower is an excellent example of Mughal architecture and showcases the skill and craftsmanship of the Mughal builders. The intricate carvings and calligraphy on the building are a testament to the artistry of the Mughal period.

Cultural Significance

The tower also holds great cultural significance. The Mughals, who ruled India and Pakistan for nearly 200 years, left an indelible mark on the region’s culture. They were great patrons of art and architecture, and their buildings and monuments are a testament to their cultural legacy. Henceforth, the Hiran Minar, with its intricate carvings and calligraphy, is a perfect example of this legacy.

Hiran Minar Park

Also, a beautiful garden surrounds the Hiran Minar, which adds charm and makes it a popular tourist spot. The park is home to various plants and flowers; visitors can take a stroll and enjoy the peaceful surroundings. The garden also serves as a perfect spot for picnics and outdoor activities.


The Hiran Minar has undergone several renovations over the years. Recently the Department of Archaeology and Museums, Government of Pakistan, completed its restoration in 2019. The restoration work included the repair of the tower’s damaged parts, as well as the beautification of the surrounding garden. It is on the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Tourist Spot

However,iIn recent years, Hiran Minar has become a popular tourist destination. The tower, with its unique history and beautiful surroundings, attracts visitors from all over the world. It is a popular spot for photography, and many visitors take pictures of the tower and its surroundings.

In conclusion, the Hiran Minar is a unique historical monument that holds great significance. Emperor Jahangir built it as a memorial for his beloved pet deer, and it is an excellent example of Mughal architecture. The beautiful garden surrounding it adds charm and makes it a popular tourist spot. Thus, Hiran Minar is a must-see attraction for anyone who has an interest in history and culture. The recent restoration work has made the monument more accessible to visitors and has ensured that it will continue to be a popular tourist destination for years.